DC AvoMinor 

serial numbers:

3232-113, 41759-36, 73663-943, 77760-146 and 48083-48

The AVO Minor was a smaller version of the original AVO multimeter which started life back in 1923, and is a DC-only instrument. Though known for their Avometer general purpose multimeter's, AVO (or AWEECO as they were originally) made a wide range of test gear including valve testers, oscillators and light meters. You will find more information here about these instruments and other similar models. AVO also produced a range of the small multimeters such as those shown here which are described here.

 

DC AVO Multiminor  This meter which was first introduced in 1933 remained in production in this form for many years. The one shown above was made in 1933, but by 1935 a modified version of the instrument was introduced. On the later model the wiper of the ohms potentiometer was brought out to the front panel at the centre of the adjustment knob and this enabled it to be used together with the positive socket for the meter to indicate 3mA FSD provided that the adjuster was turned fully clockwise. In addition it was then possible to measure up to 3 megohms by making a connection between the centre socket and the 6mA  and using an external battery in series with the resistor under test and the apropriate voltage socket.

Both models incorporate 2mA moving coil meter movements which have a total resistance of 60 ohms with their swamp resistors. The meters are shunted with three resistors and the ohms adjuster potentiometer in series totalling 120 ohms to reduce the basic sensitivity to 3mA with an effective resistance of 40 ohms. On the original model no provision was made to have a 3mA FSD but extension of the voltage ranges  by using the 6mA socket instead of the positive one was possible on both models.

First model
2mA 2.5 inch moving coil meter
DC 6, 120, 300 volts - sensitivity 3mA
DC 6, 30, 120 mA
R 10kohm (~340 ohm center)

and with external battery:
R 60kohm (on 6V range)
R 1.2megohm (on 120V range)


Second version
2mA 2.5 inch moving coil meter
DC 6, 60, 300 volts - sensitivity 3mA
DC 12, 120, 600 volts - sensitivity 6mA
DC 3, 6, 30, 120 mA
R 10kohm (~340 ohm center)

and with external battery:
R 60kohm (on 6V range)
R 600kohm (on 60V range)
R 3megohms (on 120V range)


I purchased this little meter on Ebay in 2014, it came complete with leads and nice wooden box as illustrated above. It was in good condition, the movement worked and the meter appeared to give more or less correct readings on the voltage scales but the ohms range refused to function. I discovered that the contact between the variable resistor and the battery contact was not making good connection and one of the leads was making intermittent connection with its banana plug. When tested with a couple of standard resistors it was found to be accurate at 100 and 1000 ohms and 2000 ohms.  I found that the voltage and current ranges read slightly high, perhaps because the magnetic shunt was not making intimate contact with he magnet. Moving the shunt seemed to have little effect so I resorted to placing a piece of transformer lamination alongside and gluing it in place.

The battery compartment was designed to take the now obsolete EverReady U10 which is the same size as one of the cells in a 4.5 Volt flat cycle lamp battery. I have used a AA cell with a metal spacer made from a cut down cell all housed in a piece of plastic pipe.


The Ohms adjuster and the wiper shaft which makes contact with one of the battery connectors can be seen here. The resistor bobbins are mounted around the front panel sockets.

More recently I have been given two more which formed part of a  collection of many instruments collected by Bob Evans which I have been given by his daughter Alice Kirby.



The mouldings on these: 41759-36 (March 1936), 48083-48. (April 1938), 73663-943 (September 1943) and  77760-146 (January 1946)  unlike the earlier model above are stepped and wider at the base. I assume this was because it was found that the original design could easily be broken. Both of these instruments have one piece magnets unlike the earlier models. The other notable differences are that the instructions are printed on a cream painted metal plate and the later (3mA) version has a pointer with a small round red flag. The 1936 instrument given to me by Graham Adcock is housed in a purpose made box a little larger than the one illustrated above and the leads and probes are stored beneath the meter rather than in the lid.

minorboxes.jpg

The meter needed some attention as the pointer was bent and there was a dry joint at the end of the Ohms adjuster.The box which was in poor condition has been improved, I had some black embossed paper [not quite the same pattern] and used this for the back and one side. I removed some of the torn pieces and used these to cover the smaller naked parts.


minorrepair.jpg

Before and after

Spencer Lane-Jones who sought guidance for sourcing a replacement battery for his model 9 Avometer offered me his 1943 complete but non-working Avo Minor which came one several pieces but really just needed cleaning and reassembly.

You will find a copies of the instructions for the two versions of the DC only models here and  here


Test leads The sockets are 1/8 inch which is just over 3mm. I have not found a supplier for suitable leads and make my own. Most sets of leads you see on eBay or Amazon are 4mm. I guess you will have to look for 3mm banana plugs which are split and can be tweaked to fit and change the plugs.

What is it worth? Maybe 10 

For further information have a look at my pages on similar AVOmeters here